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Soccer Sports


The sport of soccer (called football in most of the world) is considered to be the world's most popular sport. In soccer there are two teams of eleven players. Soccer is played on a large grass field with a goal at each end. The object of the game is to get the soccer ball into the opposing team's goal. The key to soccer is that, with the exception of the goalie, players cannot touch the ball with their hands or arms, they can only kick, knee, chest, or head the ball to advance it or score a goal.




soccer sports


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Contemporary elite soccer features increased physical demands during match-play, as well as a larger number of matches per season. Now more than ever, aspects related to performance optimization are highly regarded by both players and soccer coaches. Here, nutrition takes a special role as most elite teams try to provide an adequate diet to guarantee maximum performance while ensuring a faster recovery from matches and training exertions. It is currently known that manipulation and periodization of macronutrients, as well as sound hydration practices, have the potential to interfere with training adaptation and recovery. A careful monitoring of micronutrient status is also relevant to prevent undue fatigue and immune impairment secondary to a deficiency status. Furthermore, the sensible use of evidence-based dietary supplements may also play a role in soccer performance optimization. In this sense, several nutritional recommendations have been issued. This detailed and comprehensive review addresses the most relevant and up-to-date nutritional recommendations for elite soccer players, covering from macro and micronutrients to hydration and selected supplements in different contexts (daily requirements, pre, peri and post training/match and competition).


Soccer (association football) is a team sport that incorporates frequent fluctuations between high and low exercise intensities. These unpredictable changes may be accompanied by unorthodox patterns of movements and the performance of specific skills. The individual activity profiles are highly variable and include elements of self-pacing, since decision making about opportunities to become engaged in play dictates individual activities. Approaches utilised to investigate the demands placed on players during competitive performances include behavioural observations during games, physiological evaluations in matches and assessments of the physical capacity of players. Observations made during games to determine the work-rate patterns of individual players are highly variable and make generalisations based on individual activity patterns conditional, unless the sample sizes are large and data are collected on a number of occasions. The data may also be affected by the diverse methodological approaches to their collection and analysis and a failure to determine the reliability and objectivity of the relevant measuring tools. Techniques that can be used to collect data in matches are limited as the sports rules and regulations restrict some approaches. The validity of applying data from non-competitive matches to the competitive situation must, therefore, be subject to formal scrutiny. There is also a concern as to the degree to which principles of steady-state are applicable to dynamically changing exercise intensities. In the evaluation of the physical capacities of players, the variability in overall soccer performance is reduced to fitness statistics, whereas in reality, soccer performance is a construct based on many different performance components and their interaction at the level of both player and team. Despite these caveats, valuable insights have been acquired into the physiological requirements of the game that have subsequently informed both research projects and impacted upon practice. The challenge for future researchers is to overcome remaining research design hurdles and devise ways to understand more fully the complexities of invasive field games such as soccer. The interactions between individuals within a team require investigation and there is a need to refine and develop methods that employ sophisticated measurement techniques and yet possess both internal and external validity, such as laboratory-based simulations.


Elite level membership, exclusively for established youth soccer clubs that provides significantly more benefits to its members both locally and regionally, in addition to the Sporting Club Network benefits.


Sporting Kansas City currently owns and/or operates a total of three facilities in the Kansas City area: Compass Minerals Sporting Fields, Swope Soccer Village and Capitol Federal Sports Complex of Liberty. This provides Sporting KC access to 27 youth soccer fields.


Soccer is a sport with overwhelming global appeal which continues to grow with an ever-expanding audience. Referred to as football in the rest of the world, professional soccer is truly an international sport. Estimates suggest that there are over 240 million registered players worldwide with fan participation in the billions.


The Federation Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) founded in 1904, serves as the international governing body of soccer and is composed of both men's and women's clubs from around the globe and is currently made up of 205 member associations with over 300,000 clubs and 240 million players. The president of FIFA is elected by the member organizations every four years and serves as the legal representative of the body and officiates at FIFA meetings.


In 1954, FIFA began the creation of continental soccer (international football) confederations. A conference for Europe, the Union des Associations Europeennes de Football (UEFA) comprised of 25 member nations, was the first to be established, followed by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). The Oceania Football Confederation was the last confederation to join FIFA, initially in 1966 and then becoming a fully sanctioned member in 1996. All member nations clubs within each confederation compete for the World Cup, the championship trophy awarded to the best soccer team in the international league. There is both a Men's and Women's World Cup competition. Currently, FIFA is divided into six confederations and each confederation is responsible for governing the games of its member countries, with some autonomy, according to FIFA rules and regulations.


In the United States and Canada, Major League Soccer (MLS) the men's professional soccer league was founded in 1993 as part of the United States' successful bid to host the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The United States Soccer Federation sanctions MLS and there are a total of 27 teams with 24 in the United States and the 3 in Canada with plans to expand by 2023. The season is 34 games; it starts in late February or early March, and runs through mid-October ending in a 14-team playoff culminating in the MLS Cup. The league has become more profitable since its founding gaining visibility and money though TV contracts and the addition Designated Player Rule which allowed teams to sign star players such as David Beckham and Wayne Rooney.


Millions of people around the world play soccer in local clubs, and the salaries of these players vary dramatically. European players are the most highly paid, but salary distribution and management varies. For instance, player salaries of many UK soccer clubs account for nearly 60% of club revenues while the U.S. Major Soccer League (MLS) institutes a player salary budget for each club.


Like many other professional sports, free agency has resulted in the dramatic increase in player salaries and fees paid for player contract purchases. This has led to growing income disparities between wealthy and poorer soccer clubs, and the vast difference in salaries between the new FIFA member clubs and the older more established soccer clubs has had an impact on the player talent gap. FIFA also contributes funding for player salaries in addition to contributing a small amount towards teams and participants. The players and teams participating in the World Cup receive the majority of their additional earnings from the World Cup matches rather than the through FIFA contributions.


If you are looking to search the catalog for more general titles see the Search the Library's Catalog page. Additional works on professional soccer business in the Library of Congress may be identified by searching the Online Catalog under appropriate Library of Congress subject headings. Choose the topics you wish to search from the following list of subject headings to link directly to the Catalog and automatically execute a search that will allow you to browse related subject headings. Please be aware that during periods of heavy use you may encounter delays in accessing the catalog. If you are looking for soccer (or football) in outer countries you can replace "United States" with the name of another country. For assistance in locating the many other subject headings which relate to the soccer business, please consult a reference librarian.


First the men's soccer World Cup came to the U.S. in 1994. Then the U.S. women's national team won the World Cup in 1999 and again in 2015. The most popular sport in the world is getting plenty of attention in the U.S. these days, and more Americans are playing soccer than ever.


Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer,[a] is a team sport played between two teams of 11 players who primarily use their feet to propel a ball around a rectangular field called a pitch. The objective of the game is to score more goals than the opposite team by moving the ball beyond the goal line into a rectangular-framed goal defended by the opposing side. Traditionally, the game has been played over two 45-minute halves, for a total match time of 90 minutes. With an estimated 250 million players active in over 200 countries and territories, it is considered the world's most popular sport.


Association football is one of a family of football codes that emerged from various ball games played worldwide since antiquity. Within the English-speaking world, the sport is now usually called "football" in Great Britain and most of Ulster in the north of Ireland, whereas people usually call it "soccer" in regions and countries where other codes of football are prevalent, such as Australia,[9] Canada, South Africa, most of Ireland (excluding Ulster),[10] and the United States; in Japan, the game is also primarily called sakkācode: jpn promoted to code: ja (サッカーcode: jpn promoted to code: ja ), derived from "soccer". A notable exception is New Zealand, where in the first two decades of the 21st century, under the influence of international television, "football" has been gaining prevalence, despite the dominance of other codes of football, namely rugby union and rugby league.[11] 041b061a72


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